Every circuit board I sell need to be thoroughly tested, and measurements taken that should agree with expected values. Tests are chosen to show up any errors I might have made in the board’s assembly.
- Gain. I use 0.1% tolerance resistors in key parts of the circuit, so gain should match within 0.01db from one board to another.
- DC operating points, such as the drive voltage to the output sections, DC offset, DC servo output, and bias voltages
- Distortion; it should match measurements from other boards, all the way up to full-scale output.
- Current running through various branches of the circuit.
- Functionality of indicator LEDs
Here’s how I build my test jigs.
Long story short: Printed circuit board+Pogo pins=Test jig.
This particular jig is designed to test my new board for the Adcom GFA-565, the EBFA-565.
- Power and ground
- Input from a test oscillator
- Output to oscilloscope and/or distortion meter
- Indicator LEDs
- A switch to loop-back the output to the input, to take a decibel reference level measurement for gain calculation.
- Miscellaneous connections; In this case, bias compensation transistors, and switches to turn bias on and off.
Connections to the board are made with these Mill-Max Pogo Pins. These pins will compress to just under 10mm, and are designed to be used with 10mm board-to-board clearance. 10mm hex standoffs are used to mount the circuit board to the jig at the correct height.
The pogo pins mate with 1mm circular test points built into the bottom of the circuit board.
Getting the pogo-pins precisely aligned:
…is really easy actually. Sorry, I don’t have pictures of this part.
If you try to solder the pogo-pins in one-by-one, they will all be horribly crooked, not centered, and will miss the small 1mm test pads on the bottom of the board. THE TRICK: Use another test-jig circuit board to hold the pins in perfect alignment while you solder them in place. If you ordered your board from a house like JLCPCB or PCBWay, they have a minimum order quantity of five, so you should have four extra boards on hand. So, before soldering anything…
Insert a pogo pin into every single spot that gets one. Take a second test jig PCB, and place it down onto the pins, and wiggle it around until all the tips of the pogo pins snap into place into the holes drilled in the second test jig board. Now, fasten the mounting screws and your pins will all be in perfect alignment, sandwiched between the two boards. Solder. Done.
To make things even easier, the board has test points for all the things I want to check. (Shown here as TP_Whatever.)
Pogo Pins: Mill-Max 0978-0-15-20-75-14-11-0 (Suggested PCB footprint: A 1.9mm round pad with a 0.5mm drill)
Hex Standoffs, 10mm, M3 5.5mm drive: Keystone 24403
BNC Jacks: Molex 73100-0105 (Low profile to fit under 10mm pogo pins)
Test Probe Jack: Cinch Connectivity Solutions 105-0753-001
Power Jack: Molex NanoFit 105313-1303 (You’ll also need matching plug housing and pins)